I would like to find out about the virtue of reading Soorat Ta-Ha, and the virtue of reading it every night three times in succession for a certain period. Thank you very much.
Praise be to Allaah.
The following ahaadeeth about the virtues of Soorat Ta-Ha are
It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be
pleased with him) said concerning Bani Israa’il (al-Isra’), al-Kahf, Maryam,
Ta-Ha and al-Anbiya’: They are among the best of the earliest ones that I
learned by heart.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (4994).
Al-Bayhaqi said in Shu’ab al-Eemaan:
He was referring to the superiority of these soorahs because
of what they contain of stories of the Prophets (blessings and peace be upon
them) and the nations.
And they were among the first soorahs to be revealed at the
beginning of Islam, because they are Makkan soorahs, and they were among the
first parts of the Qur'aan to be recited and memorized. End quote.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari (8/388):
What Ibn Mas’ood meant was that they were among the first
parts of the Qur’aan that he learned, and that they have a special virtue
because they contain stories of the Prophets and the nations. End quote.
It was narrated from Abu Umaamah (may Allaah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “The greatest name of Allaah appears in three soorahs of the
Qur’aan: in al-Baqarah, Aal ‘Imraan and Ta-Ha.”
Narrated by Ibn Majaah (3856) and al-Haakim (1/686); classed
as hasan by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (746).
He (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
With regard to the words of al-Qaasim ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan
(the one who narrated it from Abu Umaamah) that the greatest name is found
in the verse (interpretation of the meaning): “And (all) faces shall be
humbled before (Allaah), Al-Hayyul-Qayyum (the Ever Living, the One Who
sustains and protects all that exists)” [Ta-Ha 20:111] in Soorat Ta-Ha,
I could not find anything to support it. It is more likely in my view that
it is in the verse at the beginning of the soorah:
“Verily, I am Allaah! Laa ilaaha illa Ana (none has the right to be
worshipped but I)” [Ta-Ha 20:14], and that is in
accordance with some saheeh ahaadeeth. See: al-Fath (11/225) and
Saheeh Abi Dawood (1341). End quote.
Concerning the virtues of Soorat Ta-ha there are some da’eef
(weak) ahaadeeth, which I will quote here to draw attention to them and warn
people against them.
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Allaah, may He be blessed and exalted, recited Ta-Ha and
Ya-Seen one thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, and
when the angels heard the Qur'aan they said: Glad tidings to the nation to
whom this is revealed, glad tidings to the hearts that carry this, glad
tidings to the tongues that speak it.”
Narrated by al-Daarimi (2/547). The editor said: Its isnaad
is very weak. Ahmad said of ‘Umar ibn Hafs ibn Dhakwaan: We rejected his
hadeeth and regarded him as very weak. In al-Mu’jam al-Awsat (5/133)
it says: Ibn Hibbaan said in al-Majrooheen (1/208): This is a
fabricated text. Ibn al-Jawzi said likewise in al-Mawdoo’aat (1/110).
Ibn Katheer said in Tafseer al-Qur’aan il-Azeem (5/271): It is weird.
Al-Albaani said in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (1248): It is munkar. See
also al-Kaamil (1/216) and Lisaan al-Meezaan (1/114).
It was narrated that Ma’qil ibn Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased
with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said:
“Learn the Qur'aan, accept as permissible what it permits,
regard as forbidden what it forbids, follow its guidance and do not reject
anything in it. Whatever you are confused about in it, refer it to Allaah
and to those who are in authority after I am gone, so that they may tell
you. Believe in the Tawraat and Injeel and Zaboor, and what the Prophets
brought from their Lord, but be content with the Qur’aan and what it
contains of clarity, for it is an intercessor whose intercession will be
accepted. Each verse will have light on the Day of Resurrection. I have been
given Soorat al-Baqarah among the early Revelation, and I have been given
Ta-Ha and Ta-Seen-Meems and Ha-Meems from the tablets of Moosa and I have
been given the Opening of the Book (al-Faatihah) from beneath the Throne.
Narrated by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/757) and he
said: This hadeeth has a saheeh isnaad although they (al-Bukhaari and
Mulsim) did not narrate it. Also narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam
al-Kabeer (20/225). Classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah
al-Da’eefah (2826) and by Ibn Hibbaan in al-Majrooheen (2/65).
That the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) used to say in his du’aa’:
“O Lord of Ta-Ha and Yaa-Seen, O Lord of the Holy Qur’aan.”
Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in
Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (5/173-174):
There is no difference of opinion among the scholars that
this hadeeth is a lie against the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). End quote.
“Whoever reads Ta-Ha will be given the reward of the
Muhaajireen and Ansaar on the Day of Resurrection.”
This was quoted by al-Zamakhshari and al-Baydaawi with regard
to the virtues of Soorat Ta-Ha, but it is a fabricated hadeeth.
See: al-Kashf al-Ilaahi by al-Tarabulsi (1/178).
With regard to what you asked about the virtue of reading it
three times every night, I could not find that in the books of the Sunnah,
and I did not even find it in the books of mawdoo’ (fabricated) reports.
Nothing concerning that has been proven from the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him), so you should be careful and avoid that,
and strive to follow the saheeh Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him), and shun that which is da’eef (weak) and
And Allaah knows best.