Friday, 29 April 2011

The number of angels with each person


number of angels with each person
many angels are there with any muslim and what are their functions
concerning him/her?


Praise be to Allaah. 

honourable angels accompany the children of Adam from the day they are formed
in their mothers’ wombs until the day when their souls are brought forth from
their bodies at the time of death. They also accompany them in their graves
and in the Hereafter.

Their accompanying
them in this world is as follows:

– They take care of him when he is created

was reported from Anas that the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah appoints an angel in the
womb, who says, ‘O Lord, a nutfah (mixed drop of male and female sexual discharges)? O
Lord, a ‘alaqah (a clot)? O Lord,
a mudghah (lump of chewed flesh)?’
When Allaah decrees that it is to be created, (the angel) says, ‘O Lord, male
or female? Doomed or blessed? What is his provision? What is his lifespan?’
And that is written in his mother’s womb.”

by al-Bukhaari, 6595; Muslim, 2646. This version was narrated by al-Bukhaari).

– They guard the son of Adam

says (interpretation of the meaning):

is the same (to Him) whether any of you conceals his speech or declares it openly,
whether he be hid by night or goes forth freely by day.

him (each person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They
guard him by the Command of Allaah”


commentator on the Qur’aan who had the best understanding of it, Ibn ‘Abbaas,
explained that the mu’aqqibaat
[translated here as “angels in succession”] refers to the angels whom Allaah
has appointed to guard man from in front and from behind. When the decree of
Allaah comes – when He decrees that some accident or calamity etc. should befall
him – the angels withdraw from him.

said: There is no person who does not have an angel appointed to protect him
when he is asleep and when he is awake, from the jinn, men and wild beasts.
There is nothing that comes to him but the angels tell it to clear off, except
for that which Allaah grants permission for it to befall him.

man said to ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib: “A group from (the tribe of) Muraad wanted
to kill you.” ‘Ali said, “With every man there are two angels who protect him
from everything that is not decreed; when the decree comes, they withdraw and
do not stand between him and it. A man's decreed lifespan is his protection.”

“angels in succession” mentioned in the aayah from Soorat
al-Ra’d are what is referred to in another aayah (interpretation
of the meaning):

is the Irresistible (Supreme), over His slaves, and He sends guardians (angels
guarding and writing all of one’s good and bad deeds) over you, until when death
approaches one of you, Our messengers (angel of death and his assistants) take
his soul, and they never neglect their duty” [al-An’aam 6:61]

 The guardians
whom Allaah sends protect a person until the appointed time (of death) that
has been decreed for him comes.

 3 – The
angels who write down hasanaat (good deeds) and sayi’aat (bad deeds)

 Every single
person has two angels who write down his deeds, both good and bad, minor and
major. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you,

(Honourable) Kaatibeen —writing down (your deeds),

know all that you do”


indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him. And
We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).

that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting
on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions

a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record


angel on the right records hasanaat (good deeds) and the angel on the left records
sayi’aat (bad deeds).

was reported from Abu Umaamah that the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The angel on the left does
not write down anything until six hours have passed after a Muslim does a bad
deed. If he regrets it and asks Allaah for forgiveness, he casts it aside [does
not write it down], otherwise he writes down one (sayi’ah/bad deed).”

by al-Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam
al-Kabeer, 8/158. The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani
in Saheeh
al-Jaami’, 2/212)

we know this, the number of angels who accompany the son of Adam after he is
born will become clear: four angels.

Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

aayah (interpretation of the meaning): ‘For
him (each person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They
guard him by the Command of Allaah’ [al-Ra’d
13:10-11] means:
each person has angels who take turns in guarding him by night and day, who
protect him from evil and from accidents, just as other angels take turns in
recording his deeds, good and bad, by night and by day.

angels, on the right and the left, record his deeds. The one on the right writes
down his hasanaat (good deeds) and the one on his left writes down his sayi’aat
(evil deeds).

other angels guard him and protect him, one from behind and one from in front.

there are four angels by day and four others by night.”

Ibn Katheer, 2/504)

Allaah knows best.

From learning Quran online Blog 

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